European Union lawmakers have agreed on terms for landmark legislation to regulate artificial intelligence, pushing ahead with the creation of the world’s strictest regime on technological development.
Thierry Breton, EU commissioner, confirmed in a post on X that an agreement had been reached.
He called it a historic agreement. “The EU has become the first continent to set clear rules for the use of AI,” he wrote. “AIact is more than a rulebook – it’s a launchpad for EU startups and researchers to lead the global AI race.”
The agreement follows years of discussion among member states and politicians on ways that AI should be curbed so that the interests of humanity are at the heart of the law. This comes after marathon discussions that began on Wednesday this week.
mlungs of the European Parliament spent years debating their position before it was put to member states and the European Commission, the EU’s executive body. All three—countries, politicians, and the commission—must agree on the final text before it becomes law.
European companies have expressed concern that overly restrictive rules on the technology, which is developing rapidly and gaining traction following the popularity of OpenAI’s ChatGPT, will hinder innovation. In June, dozens of some of Europe’s biggest companies, such as France’s Airbus and Germany’s Siemens, said the rules were too tough to promote innovation and help local industries.
Last month, the UK hosted an AI safety summit, which led to broad commitments from 28 countries to work together to tackle the existential risks arising from advanced AI. That event attracted leading tech figures such as OpenAI’s Sam Altman, who has previously been critical of the EU’s plans to regulate the technology.
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