China, Pakistan condemned India for conducting activities in disputed territory.
China has said it will not attend the upcoming G20 tourism summit scheduled to take place in the disputed Himalayan territory of Kashmir.
China and Pakistan have both condemned India for the move in Muslim-majority Kashmir, a region disputed between New Delhi and Islamabad.
Both countries claim the region as a whole but administer only parts of it. They have fought three wars since independence from the United Kingdom in 1947 over Kashmir.
India, which holds the chairmanship of the G20 this year, has organized a series of meetings across the country in the run-up to the summit in New Delhi in September.
“China is firmly opposed to holding any kind of G20 meetings in disputed territory, and will not attend such meetings,” Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokesman Wang Wenbin said on Friday.
India-Pakistan relations have been frozen since 2019 when New Delhi changed the status of the state of Jammu and Kashmir, ending its special status and transforming it into a federal territory.
It divided the state to make two federal territories of Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh. A large chunk of Ladakh is under Chinese control.
The Indian-controlled part of Kashmir has been wracked for decades by a rebellion seeking independence or unification with Pakistan, with thousands of Kashmiri civilians, soldiers and insurgents killed in the conflict.
Relations between New Delhi and Beijing have also been strained since a military clash in Ladakh in 2020 in which 24 soldiers were killed.
Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir, will host a meeting of the tourism working group for G20 members on May 22 to 24.
Security has been beefed up in Kashmir
India opposed the objection, saying it was free to hold meetings on its own territory.
On Friday, it said that peace and tranquility on its border is important for normal relations with China.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi said relations between the nuclear-armed neighbors can only be based on mutual respect, sensitivity and interest, in comments that marked a rare statement of the position of New Delhi since relations with Beijing soured in 2020.
“India is fully prepared and committed to protect its sovereignty and dignity,” Modi said in an interview with Nikkei Asia ahead of his visit to Japan to attend the G7 summit.
The three-day gathering will take place in a spacious, well-guarded area on the shores of Srinagar’s Dal Lake. Police said security had been stepped up “in vulnerable areas to avoid any chance of a terrorist attack during the G20” meeting.
On Friday, India’s elite commandos patrolled the streets of Srinagar. Roads leading to the location were newly black-topped, and power poles lit up in the colors of the Indian national flag to show what officials said was “normalcy and peace returning” to the region.
India promotes tourism in Kashmir and over a million of its citizens visited last year.